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And just because the Pak got predicted, their unique splitting up generated their unique a social outcast, the goal of severe personal complaint

From the divorces and you can like items of those preferred women intellectuals, people came to see that it unforeseen outcome of ladies training

Writing on Pak while the “Korea’s Nora Just who Kept the new Doll’s Household,” brand new mass media condemned their own “selfish and you can reckless” choice to get rid of their relationships and their unique justification to have making. Here new invocation of your own figure from Nora out-of Henrik Ibsen’s A beneficial Doll’s House is actually high. Ever since an interpretation of one’s gamble had earliest starred in Maeil sinbo from inside the 1921, Footnote 147 the smoothness from Nora had interesting and you will determined the fresh the family of experienced men and women inside the Korea just as they had someplace else. Footnote 148 One literary critic mentioned that Nora wasn’t merely a symbol of “brand new romance” (sin yonae) otherwise “individualism” (kaeinjuui) however, an icon regarding “self-awakening” (cha’gak). Footnote 149 In fact, in her 1921 song lyric, “A beneficial Doll’s Family” (Inhyong ui ka), created 9 many years in advance of her very own divorce or separation, Na Hyesok indicated their particular desire to not real time once the a toy to have their own dad and you will partner however, to call home since a person becoming that have full self-determination. Footnote 150 This new thinking-awareness of eg female given that some body as well as their want to pursue the new “freedom to accomplish just what you to believes is good” is a continuing source of high nervousness and you may public problem. Footnote 151

An evergrowing concern about brand new overview of your family took place, into social suspecting educated “the latest women” off ultimately causing deterioration of your own family from the term of ДЊeДЌen lijepe Еѕene its own liberty and self-summary. ” Footnote 152 Within this context, the new idealized “wise mother, good partner” are thought to be the fresh new antithesis of the liberal womanhood of Western, that has been realized to produce selfish, irresponsible, and extravagant female. In particular, various scandals associated with large-profile women intellectuals who had had significant experience of liberal ideas as a result of their overseas degree on Western and you will Japan functioned because the strong cautionary tales from inside the warning of your own likelihood of the current. As the Christine Marran contends within her book Poison Woman: Figuring Women Transgression when you look at the Progressive Japanese People, this new transgressive profile of the “unwelcome lady” qualities to bolster what is believed most useful and you may desirous. Footnote 153

Theodore Jun Yoo cards one if you are members of the new classification out-of educated women was basically expected to serve as “icons from modernity, civilization, and you may nationalism,” some societal experts and you may commentators feared these particular feminine were “undermining the soundness of your own household members, reducing sexual morality, and you may denigrating federal profile

Cautionary stories from the “undesired lady” prevailed not only in stories regarding female including Na and you will Pak as well as from the photo of your ideal modern family in addition to role of progressive lady inside that were depicted in the literary and you will artwork arts. A few member advice are definitely the 1933 novel because of the Ch’ae Mansik (1902–1950) titled Inhyong ui processor ul nawaso (After the Doll’s Domestic), Footnote 154 in addition to 1936 feature movie, Mimong (Illusive Dream). One another functions think of “how it happened immediately following Nora remaining household.” Ch’ae’s unique virtually takes up the storyline from Nora Helmer once the she slams the doorway in the latest world out-of Ibsen’s enjoy, if you find yourself Mimong merchandise a great Nora-particularly profile titled Aesun, which decorative mirrors Nora’s remarkable rejection of one’s conventional domestic existence. Both work, not, differ starkly from the consequences they envision for their particular Noras. The latest Nora within the Ch’ae’s novel feel all manner of embarrassment and you can starvation, however, she actually is in the course of time redeemed and you can reborn because the a manufacturer worker, showing Ch’ae’s demand for socialist reality at the time. However, Aesun, new Nora figure during the Illusive Fantasy, commits suicide once the a last operate out of regret more than her vainglorious interest in luxury, trends, and you will bodily satisfaction. It should also be listed one to literature particularly Ch’ae Mansik’s novel might be appreciated simply of the people who have been literate, while video clips had far better possibility much-interacting with influence on this new wide populace. The consumption of video failed to need literacy, and violation rates was somewhat realistic, so that even lower wage earners (age.grams., each day manual workers) could manage entryway. Footnote 155 Even though there are no records indicating just how preferred new film is, not to mention the new reception of your own movie, new area off Illusive Dream sharply shows an ever-increasing feeling of despair along the temptations out of modernity and the believed impact – new imbalance of your own progressive relatives.


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2024 年 6 月


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